Which of the following Countries Got Concession from the Kyoto Agreement

The Kyoto Protocol, a global treaty aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, was adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005. The treaty required developed countries to reduce their emissions of six greenhouse gases by an average of 5.2% below 1990 levels during the period 2008-2012. However, some countries were granted concessions and were allowed higher emissions levels.

One of the main concessions granted under the Kyoto Protocol was to Russia. Russia was allowed to increase its emissions by 0.5% above 1990 levels, while other developed countries were required to reduce their emissions. This concession was granted due to the economic difficulty Russia was facing after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the restructuring of its economy.

Another country that was granted a concession was Ukraine. Ukraine was allowed to maintain its emissions at 1990 levels, which was seen as a significant achievement given the country`s economic and political turmoil at the time.

Other countries that received concessions include Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Turkey. Belarus was allowed to maintain its emissions at 1990 levels, while Kazakhstan was allowed to increase its emissions by up to 15% above 1990 levels. Turkey was also granted a concession, with its emissions allowed to increase by 8% above 1990 levels.

It is important to note that not all countries were granted concessions under the Kyoto Protocol. Developed countries that did not ratify the treaty were not allowed any concessions, and developing countries were not required to reduce their emissions. However, the Kyoto Protocol paved the way for future global efforts to combat climate change, and the concessions granted to certain countries were a necessary compromise for the success of the treaty.

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